quinta-feira, 30 de agosto de 2012

Ilhas Cook - 5 & 10 Dollars Nicolaus Copernicus


Ano: 2008
Valor facial: 5 Dólares
Diâmetro: 38,61 mm
Metal: 925/1000 Ag
Qualidade: Proof (c/ cristal)
Peso: 25gr.
Tiragem: 2500 pçs

Ano: 2008
Valor facial: 10 Dólares

Diâmetro: 13,92 mm
Metal: 999.9/1000 Au
Qualidade: Proof (c/ cristal)
Peso: 1.24gr.
Tiragem: 7500 pçs

 Premium Set Nicolaus Copernicus
Amazing gold (partly silverplated) and silver (partly goldplated) coin issued by the Cook Islands in 2008. The coin reverse depicts an effigy of polish astronomer and scientist Nicolaus Copernicus and the legend "Nicolaus Copernicus" (name also written in polish),"Stellarium", dates "1510 - 1583" and the year of issue. The coins also depicts the planetarium with Swarovski crystal placed in the middle. The coin obverse depicts the effigy of the Queen Elizabeth II. and the denomination.
These coins are delivered in luxury dark-brown wooden case along with the certificate of authenticity.

Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus (German: Nikolaus Kopernikus; Italian: Nicol? Copernico; Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik; in his youth, Niclas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe.
Copernicus' epochal book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), published just before his death in 1543, is often regarded as the starting point of modern astronomy and the defining epiphany that began the scientific revolution. His heliocentric model, with the Sun at the center of the universe, demonstrated that the observed motions of celestial objects can be explained without putting Earth at rest in the center of the universe. His work stimulated further scientific investigations, becoming a landmark in the history of science that is often referred to as the Copernican Revolution.
Among the great polymaths of the Renaissance, Copernicus was a mathematician, astronomer, jurist with a doctorate in law, physician, quadrilingual polyglot, classics scholar, translator, artist, Catholic cleric, governor, diplomat and economist.
Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 in the city of Toruń, in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. His father was a merchant from Kraków and his mother was the daughter of a wealthy Toruń merchant. Nicolaus was the youngest of four children. His brother Andreas (Andrew) became an Augustinian canon at Frombork (Frauenburg). His sister Barbara, named after her mother, became a Benedictine nun and, in her final years (she died after 1517), prioress of a convent in Chełmno (Culm, Kulm). His sister Katharina married the businessman and Toruń city councilor Barthel Gertner and left five children, whom Copernicus looked after to the end of his life.
Copernicus never married or had children. "Towards the close of 1542, he was seized with apoplexy and paralysis." He died on 24 May 1543, on the day that he was presented with an advance copy of his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium.